Welcome to GENDER project

This study has evaluated the patterns and determinants of gender discrimination in transition countries.

Over transition female labour market participation has been characterised by segmentation and frequently has also weakened. These two factors yielded grounds for greater gender discrimination than under planning. Notwithstanding, transition countries differ in institutional design, structural labour supply patterns, labour demand characteristics and the speed of transition processes. We proposed to evaluate the contribution of these effects to the observed extent of gender discrimination. Using estimators of gender discrimination obtained from a panel of micro-datasets from possibly large set of transition countries, we sought determinants cross-country variation in female access to the labour and in wages.

Non-parametric techniques were used to establish a set of reliable estimates for the extent of gender discrimination in access to employment and earned income. Next, we proceeded to the analysis of gender inequality determinants, with special focus on the institutional context. Addressing the institutional determinants of gender discrimination in accessing employment and labour income served the purpose of identifying country-specific relevant areas for targeted policy response.

The research agenda has a continuation in a new project: Discrimination and Efficiency Wages.